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Subway development

This picture is from the public traffic madman and designer Peter Dovak, this time he visualized the development of China's 30-year subway. Before the 1990s, only Beijing, Hong Kong and Tianjin had subways. The three cities operated the first subway lines in 1969, 1979 and 1984. The first subway in Tianjin has been demolished and rebuilt. It is also reflected in the map of Dowak.

According to the plans of Chinese governments, China will have more than 40 cities with subway systems by 2020. Dowak is a boy who grew up in Kentucky in the United States. His father was a train lover and he was interested in the train. Gradually, he began to show great enthusiasm for the entire public transportation system. curiosity. This enthusiasm and curiosity, after growing up as a graphic designer in Dowack, applied to his artistic creation project, he began to study the rail transit maps around the world, based on which to create a simplified version of the mini map. , including the cool "220 Mini Metros" project rating.

Dowack's subway maps for Beijing and Shanghai drawn in 220 Mini Metros According to data from foreign media, Curbed, Shanghai and Beijing are the two largest cities with the largest growth of the subway system. They have large, densely covered subway networks and annual passenger transport. In comparison, the volume is 2 billion and 1.84 billion, respectively. In contrast, New York's annual passenger traffic is only 1.6 billion.

Dowak also made a 30-year development plan for Beijing and Shanghai. "The speed of China's subway development has not been fast before, but it has grown exponentially in the near future, making the world dwarf. From 1990 to 2020, in just 30 years, China has grown from only three metro cities to more than 40. This number will continue to grow," Dowak commented. This shows that Dowak is very professional about China's own metro city. Up to now, 25 cities across the country have opened about 3,400 kilometers of urban rail transit lines (excluding maglev and modern trams). In 2015, passenger traffic was approximately 13.8 billion passengers, an increase of 3% over 2014. The average daily passenger flow was about 37.53 million, an increase of 3% over 2014. So far, the construction plans of 43 cities across the country have been approved, with a total planned mileage of about 8,600 kilometers. In terms of investment, investment construction has grown rapidly. Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the "Peace City Urban Rail Transit Phase I Construction Plan (2016-2022)" "Luoyang City Rail Transit Phase I Construction Plan (2016-2020)". At the end of 2015, there were 159 projects under construction in 37 cities across the country, with a total scale of 3,800 kilometers, with a total investment of 368.3 billion yuan, an increase of 34% over 2014. From the perspective of urban distribution, the sum of investment in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen accounted for 19% of the total, and the first-tier cities are still large investors; Chengdu, Nanjing, Chongqing, Qingdao, Hangzhou, Changsha and other cities are growing rapidly, ranking the top ten. The sum of urban investment accounts for 43% of the total. In terms of operations, the overall operating conditions are good. According to the "13th Five-Year Plan" Modern Comprehensive Transportation System Development Plan issued by the State Council in February, during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, China's high-speed railway operating mileage, highway mileage, urban rail transit mileage, and coastal port tons The number of berths above and above ranks first in the world. By 2015, China's urban rail transit operation mileage is 3,300 kilometers, nearly 2,000 kilometers more than the 1400 in 2010. The development goal by 2020 is that the operating mileage has nearly doubled compared to 2015. According to the report of the Prospective Industry Research Institute, from 2011 to 2020, the new operating mileage of urban rail transit in China will reach 6,560 kilometers. It is estimated that by 2020, the accumulated operating mileage of urban rail transit in China will reach 7395 kilometers. From 2010 to 2015, an average of 250 kilometers of subway lines will be opened every year. From the planning of each city, urban rail transit will always be in a period of rapid development for the foreseeable future ten or even twenty years.

copyright© 2019 Department of Transportation Information Engineering, Guangxi CommunicationsVocational and Technical College Computer Application Technology Kaisheng Guan,Tiande Zhuo,Haiming Chen,Caiyan Wang,Zhenyu Huang

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